Introducing the LEMP Stack on CentOS 7.9, this image comes with several preinstalled system components, including AWS CLI, AWS CloudWatch Agent, AWS Systems Manager Agent, Python 3, and Cloud-Init. You can find a comprehensive user guide in the Additional Resources section of this listing. It’s noteworthy that all cloudimg offerings receive updates during their initial boot to ensure the application of the latest packages and security patches.
The term “LEMP” is an acronym representing Linux, NGINX, MySQL, and PHP. Together, they form a well-established suite of software designed for the development of high-performance web applications. Each component plays a crucial role within this stack:
Linux: Serving as the operating system, Linux is a freely available and open-source OS with a rich history dating back to the mid-1990s. Today, it boasts a substantial global user base spanning various industries. Linux’s popularity is partially attributed to its remarkable flexibility and extensive configuration options, setting it apart from other operating systems.
NGINX: Taking on the role of the web server, NGINX is responsible for processing requests and delivering web assets via HTTP. This ensures that applications are accessible to users in the public domain through simple web URLs. NGINX, a lightweight yet potent alternative to the Apache web server, is actively developed and maintained by an open community. It currently powers a significant portion of websites on the internet.
MySQL: Serving as the database component, MySQL is an open-source relational database management system optimized for the storage of application data. MySQL excels in storing data in a format that is easily queried using the SQL language. It is an excellent choice, particularly for business domains with well-structured data, where the goal is to map this structure onto the backend. MySQL proves itself versatile and capable, even for large and complex websites.
PHP: Operating as the programming language, PHP is an open-source scripting language that collaborates with Apache to facilitate the development of dynamic web pages. When dynamic processes, such as data retrieval from a database, are required, PHP becomes indispensable. Developers can seamlessly embed PHP code into specific parts of web pages to introduce dynamic functionality.
MySQL 8 Community Edition