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Julia – Ubuntu 20.04

“The Julia programming language stands out as a versatile and dynamic tool, ideally suited for scientific and numerical computing, delivering performance that rivals traditional statically-typed languages.

Julia introduces several key features into its repertoire, including optional typing, multiple dispatch, and remarkable performance achieved through the interplay of type inference and just-in-time (JIT) compilation, leveraging the LLVM infrastructure. Julia adopts a multi-paradigm approach, seamlessly weaving together elements of imperative, functional, and object-oriented programming. It offers a high-level numerical computing experience, akin to languages such as R, MATLAB, and Python, while also providing robust support for general-purpose programming. Julia achieves this by drawing inspiration from the lineage of mathematical programming languages and incorporating insights from popular dynamic languages like Lisp, Perl, Python, Lua, and Ruby.

Julia distinguishes itself from typical dynamic languages through several notable characteristics:

Minimal constraints within the core language; Julia Base and the standard library are crafted in Julia itself, even encompassing fundamental operations such as integer arithmetic
A rich language for constructing and describing objects through types, which can be optionally employed for type declarations
The ability to define function behavior across numerous combinations of argument types via multiple dispatch
Automatic generation of efficient and specialized code tailored to diverse argument types
Impressive performance, approaching that of statically-compiled languages like C

Advantages of Julia include:

Free and open source with an MIT license
User-defined types that match the speed and compactness of built-in types
No need for code vectorization to attain high performance; devectorized code remains swift
Designed for parallelism and distributed computing
Support for lightweight “green” threading via coroutines
An unobtrusive yet potent type system
Elegant and extensible mechanisms for conversions and promotions across numeric and other data types
Efficient handling of Unicode, encompassing formats like UTF-8
Direct invocation of C functions without necessitating special wrappers or specialized APIs
Robust shell-like capabilities for effective process management
Support for Lisp-like macros and other metaprogramming facilities”

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