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Julia – Ubuntu 18.04

“The Julia programming language is a dynamic and versatile choice, well-suited for scientific and numerical computing, boasting performance that rivals traditional statically-typed languages.

Julia incorporates several key features, including optional typing, multiple dispatch, and impressive performance, achieved through type inference and just-in-time (JIT) compilation, powered by LLVM. It embraces a multi-paradigm approach, seamlessly blending imperative, functional, and object-oriented programming concepts. Julia excels in high-level numerical computing, providing a similar experience to languages like R, MATLAB, and Python, while also accommodating general-purpose programming. To achieve this versatility, Julia draws inspiration from mathematical programming languages while also borrowing elements from popular dynamic languages such as Lisp, Perl, Python, Lua, and Ruby.

Julia stands out from typical dynamic languages in several significant ways:

Minimal constraints within the core language; Julia Base and the standard library are written in Julia itself, even including fundamental operations like integer arithmetic
A rich system of types for creating and describing objects, which can optionally be used for type declarations
The capability to define function behavior across various combinations of argument types through multiple dispatch
Automatic generation of efficient and specialized code tailored to different argument types
Impressive performance, often on par with statically-compiled languages like C

Advantages of Julia include:

Free and open source with an MIT license
User-defined types that match the speed and efficiency of built-in types
No need for code vectorization to achieve high performance; devectorized code remains fast
Designed for parallelism and distributed computing
Supports lightweight “green” threading with coroutines
Offers an unobtrusive yet potent type system
Facilitates elegant and extensible conversions and promotions for numeric and other data types
Efficiently handles Unicode, including but not limited to UTF-8
Enables direct calling of C functions without requiring special wrappers or APIs
Empowers users with powerful shell-like capabilities for managing other processes
Facilitates Lisp-like macros and other metaprogramming features”

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