The acronym LEMP represents a powerful combination of software components: Linux, NGINX, MySQL, and PHP. Together, they form a reliable suite of tools for the creation of high-performance web applications. Each constituent brings unique capabilities to this software stack:
Linux: This serves as the foundation, constituting the operating system. Linux stands out as a freely available and open-source OS with a lineage dating back to the mid-1990s. It enjoys a vast, global user base spanning various industries, owing to its exceptional flexibility and extensive configuration options, setting it apart from other operating systems.
NGINX: Taking on the role of the web server, NGINX is responsible for handling requests and delivering web assets over HTTP. It ensures that applications are accessible to users in the public domain through simple web URLs. Developed and maintained by a thriving open community, NGINX offers a mature and feature-rich server that powers a significant portion of websites on the internet today.
MySQL: Serving as the database component, MySQL is an open-source relational database management system optimized for storing application data. With MySQL, data can be stored in a format that is easily queried using the SQL language. MySQL excels in scenarios where structured data within a business domain needs to be seamlessly integrated into the backend, making it a suitable choice even for large and complex websites.
PHP: This functions as the scripting language, and it is an open-source tool that collaborates with Apache to streamline the development of dynamic web pages. When dynamic processes, such as database data retrieval, are required, PHP plays a pivotal role. To introduce dynamic functionality into web pages, developers can effortlessly insert PHP code into specific sections.
MySQL 8 Community Edition